Arshay,has lived most of her childhood in Abu Dhabi,adjusting to a new educational setup,meeting people from across the world.Even as a child,she was deeply intrigued by her teachers,who in every class managed to sow a seed of curiosity in her young mind.She knew that the joy of teaching is unparalleled and with a lot of encouragement from her parents she started exploring the Montessori Method from Amity University and subsequently took up a bachelors in education from IP University.
Love and Pedagogy invited her over for a guest post and this is what she had to say :-
I am usually disturbed when people especially parents fail to identify a speech delay,alternatively known as a delayed milestone. Let us first understand How do speech and language develop-
The first 3 years of life, when the brain is developing and maturing, is the most intensive period for acquiring speech and language skills. These skills develop best in a world that is rich with sounds, sights, and consistent exposure to the speech and language of others.
There appear to be critical periods for speech and language development in infants and young children when the brain is best able to absorb language. If these critical periods are allowed to pass without exposure to language, it will be more difficult to learn.
What are the milestones for speech and language development?
The first signs of communication occur when an infant learns that a cry will bring food, comfort, and companionship. Newborns also begin to recognize important sounds in their environment, such as the voice of their mother or primary caretaker. As they grow, babies begin to sort out the speech sounds that compose the words of their language. By 6 months of age, most babies recognize the basic sounds of their native language. Here I would also like to mention Dr Montessori’s idea of ‘sensitive period towards language acquisition as well as the Absorbent Mind’ the two powerful tools of mother nature.
Children vary in their development of speech and language skills. However, they follow a natural progression or timetable for mastering the skills of language. A checklist of milestones for the normal development of speech and language skills in children from birth to 5 years of age is included below. These milestones help doctors and other health professionals determine if a child is on track or if he or she may need extra help. Sometimes a delay may be caused by hearing loss, while other times it may be due to a speech or language disorder.
What are voice, speech, and language?
Voice, speech, and language are the tools we use to communicate with each other.
Voice is the sound we make as air from our lungs is pushed between vocal folds in our larynx, causing them to vibrate.
Speech is talking, which is one way to express language. It involves the precisely coordinated muscle actions of the tongue, lips, jaw, and vocal tract to produce the recognizable sounds that make up language.
Language is a set of shared rules that allow people to express their ideas in a meaningful way. Language may be expressed verbally or by writing, signing, or making other gestures, such as mouth movements.
What should I do if my child’s speech or language appears to be delayed?
Talk to your child’s doctor or teacher if you have any concerns. Your doctor or teacher may refer you to a speech-language pathologist or maybe a speech therapist.Someone who is a health professional trained to evaluate and treat people with speech or language disorders. The speech-language therapist will talk to you about your child’s communication and general development. He or she will also use special spoken tests to evaluate your child. A hearing test is often included in the evaluation because a hearing problem can affect speech and language development. Depending on the result of the evaluation, the speech-language therapist may suggest activities you can do at home to stimulate your child’s development. They might also recommend group or individual therapy or suggest further evaluation by an audiologist (a health care professional trained to identify and measure hearing loss), or a developmental psychologist (a health care professional with special expertise in the psychological development of infants and children).I sincerely hope that we as students and teachers can identify speech delays and work on them,without wasting much time.
Thank you love and pedagogy for this opportunity!